Navy Document 29-AUG-44
DESTROYERS, PACIFIC FLEET
29 August 1944
From: Commander Destroyers, Pacific
To : All Destroyers,
Destroyer Escorts, Patrol Frigates, Pacific Fleet,
Subject: Anti-Submarine Actions, Most Outstanding in
Enclosure: (A) Summation of A/S
contacts made 19 - 31 May 1944.
(B) Brief Narratives of A/S Actions 19 - 31 Nay
(C) Brief of Tactics used in A/S Actions.
1. During the
period of 18 - 31 May 1944, the U.S.S. ENGLAND (DE635), while
participating in an anti-submarine hunt, successfully engaged six Japanese
Submarines. Her outstanding performance in each of these actions was
responsible for making it the most outstanding and most successful
anti-submarine hunt in the II Pacific to date. The assessments of damage
to the enemy have been made and will be printed in the next U.S.F. Monthly
It is doubted whether any other ship in this or any other war, has
produced such a record. This record was attained only by excellent
teamwork and high proficiency on the part of all concerned.
Although circumstances placed the ENGLAND repeatedly in the most
advantageous position for attack, she obtained hits whether first or last
to engage the enemy. On contacts considered to be a definite submarine she
obtained seven hits out of thirteen salvoes of hedgehogs (Mark 10
projector) fired. This performance is a challenge to any anti-submarine
ship of the Navy, and will always stand high among the traditions of the
U.S. Naval Service.
results of the anti-submarine actions .of the ENGLAND clearly demonstrate
the efficiency of this ship and the attack team as a whole. However, the
following observations are noteworthy and tend to nullify any impression
that such a performance can be attributed to anything but a high degree of
proficiency, only attainable by. intelligent training.
- The Commanding Officer and the Executive Officer
interchanged duties as coning officers and both obtained hits.
- The Sound Officer operated the range recorder on all attacks.
- Three different soundmen participated as sound operator.
During the attacks, one soundman obtained one salvo hit, one
obtained three salvo hits, and the third obtained three salvo hits.
- Two officers and one chief petty officer rotated in plotting
attacks on DRT
- The only material casualties were the failure of two Mk 10
projector charges. Out of fifteen salvoes from the projector with
full pattern each time, there was only one salvo with any duds. In
this salvo one charged failed to leave projector and one blew off
its tail assembly and had an erratic flight.
- Standard anti-submarine doctrine was used.
The GEORGE,(DE697) (ComCortDiv 39, O.T.C.), the ENGLAND (DE635),
(ComCortDiv-40), and the RABY (DE698), with the SPANGLER (DE696) joining
them during the period 26 --31 May 1944 and the HALZEWOOD (DD531)
contacting and participating in the last contact on 30 May 1944, composed
the forces participating in these actions. The coordination and the
teamwork of these ships were excellent and contributed to success of these
operations against the enemy.
Enclosure (A) is forwarded herewith to
summarize the actions and ENGLAND's performance. Enclosure
(B) is forwarded to give a brief outline of the actions. Enclosure
(C) gives a brief discussion of the tactics used by the hunter-killer
List I, C, Case 2
CruDiv 11. '
JOHN J. WAYBRIGHT,